Magnolia grandiflora - Bull bay
Native to the southern United States of America Magnolia grandiflora is a large, rounded evergreen shrub or tree with dense, glossy dark green, leathery oblong-elliptic leaves, often rusty brown beneath.
The gloriously large creamy cup shaped flowers of up to 25cm across which have a complex lemon citronella scented fragrance appear in late summer and look magnificent against the dark background of the leaves. These are followed by the rose-coloured fruit up to 10cm long and 5cm wide.
It is often recommended for seashore plantings in areas that are windy but have little salt spray. A sheltered positon is preferred to avoid winter damage to the thick foliage, however this species will take any moist, well drained soil, even chalk is tolerated.
FACT: Its common name derives from the leaves being like those of the red bay and its large size.
FACT: The timber of the Magnolia grandiflora is hard and heavy and has been used commercially to make furniture, pallets and veneer.
Name: Magnolia grandiflora
Common Name: Bull bay
Height: Can grow up to 25/30 metres
Width: Can grow over 8 metres
Demands: Full sun or partial shade, avoid North facing aspects.
Soil: Well drained but moist sand, chalk, clay or loam
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