Platanus x acerifolia

(London Plane)

Although not native, Platanus x acerifolia is a common sight throughout the country, particularly in cities. It is a large, impressive tree often growing up to 30m in height. The most identifying feature is the grey bark which sheds in large plates leaving patches of pale green and creamy yellow fresh wood underneath. It does this as a response to pollution which can clog the pores of the bark.

Its leaves are large, thick and palmately lobed, closely resembling the leaves of a maple. When young, they are covered in thousands of fine hairs which fall off as the leaf grows. These hairs can sometimes be an irritant when carried by the wind, particularly to people with breathing difficulties. In Autumn, the foliage turns yellows and oranges before falling.

Flowers appear as small balls on long stems in Spring, maturing to produce the ‘pom-pom’ seed heads which can be seen on the bare branches in winter.

London plane is the ideal tree for urban locations for many reasons. It is tolerant of pollution, soil compaction, drought and heavy pruning, often being pollarded as shown overleaf.

Plant Profile

Name: Platanus x acerifolia

Common Name: London Plane

Family: Platanaceae

Height: 25-35m

Demands: Very tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions

Foliage: Large, leathery, maple like leaves. Green through summer and yellows / orange in autumn

Bark: Grey green bark which fall off in plates, to show paler wood beneath giving a camouflage effect.

Fruit: Bauble like seed heads remain on the bare stems through winter until dispersed by the wind.

 

Download Platanus x acerifolia info sheet (PDF)

 

 

Platanus acerifolia - London Plane

London Plane ‘camouflage’ bark

Platanus acerifolia - London Plane - Kings Cross

Recent project: urban planting at London Kings Cross, 2011


Thought to be a hybrid of Platanus orientalis (Oriental Plane) and Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore) its origins are still a matter of debate, whether it occurred naturally in Britain or was introduce here from Spain. Regardless of this, it earns the name London Plane as it accounts for more than half of the trees planted in London.

London Plane Pom-pom like seed heads on London Plane Roof shaped Platanus x acerifolia
70-80cm girth about to be prepared for dispatch

Pom-pom like seed heads

Roof shaped Platanus x acerifolia

45-50 girth standards 50-60cm girth standards in winter Pollarded planes
45-50 girth standards

50-60cm girth standards in winter.

Pollarded planes

Platanus x acerifolia - Autumn change in foliage

Autumn change in foliage

   

 

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